Fig Growing

There are more than 600 trees with large leaves. Some of them are edible and some of them are ornamental plants. F. caria L. is a kind of fig which is grown in large scale as a culture plant in Aydın. The rubber trees of tropical regions are also in this class.

The tree should be pruned in normal size.

Cultural Processes

The fig tree is fairly accommodated in various regions. The products are reduced in alkaline and salty soils.

An average of half a kilo of pure nitrogen should be given to trees that cannot improve their shoots by an average of 15 cm per year.

Nitrogen must be added to the trees that keep their leaves loose. Leaves can also be animated with water. The water of the tree should not be reduced.

Pruning should be done normally. It is possible to trim the tree in certain ways. Dumb should apply the normal pruning principles.

Climate

The fig is a kind of subtropical plant. It also grows in temperate climates. It is grown in places where the average temperature is 18-20 degrees. The tree can tolerate 10° to 20° of frost in favorable sites. Rains during fruit development and ripening are detrimental to the crop, causing the fruits to split. The semi arid tropical and subtropical regions of the world are ideal for fig-growing if  irrigation are available. Nevertheless, very hot, dry spells will cause fruit-drop even if the trees are irrigated.

Reproduction

Fig steels are usually stiffened because they are easily rooted. For this purpose, steels are prepared by cutting 1,5-2,5 cm thick 1-year shoots at the top of the shoot just above the knuckle and the bottom at just under the knuckle, 25-30 cm long. Steel planting can be done in January-February. Although the figure is not as common as reproduction with steel, it is reproduced by immersion and dip shoots.

Gardening

In the Aegean Region, the Yellow Lop dried fig variety is mostly grown in the form of a closed garden. In recent years, in the Marmara Region, gourmet gardens have been set up with a variety of table Bursa Black figs.

Planting

Official and private establishments producing saplings usually meet demand, some of the producers go to garden plant by planting steel in direct garden. When planted with rooted figs, the first size (1-2 years old, 10 cm above the soil surface and 18 cm in diameter and at least 100 cm in length) and second size (1-2 years old, 10 cm above the surface of the soil 12 -18 mm and a length of at least 75 cm) are used. These seedlings should be taken as an example and with plenty of fringe rooted, smooth, unglazed body, free from diseases and damages, and with seedlings to their name. Fig-seedlings are most conveniently planted in the circuit between the winter sleep cycles, that is, between the fallen leaves and the spring water again in the spring.

Pruning

Pruning is often neglected in fig tree. When the fig is not pruned, the yield drops and the quality deteriorates. In this case, the branches of the trees grow vertically and the lower parts of the tree become naked and the fruits are burned by exposure to the sun. For this reason, fig trees must be pruned.

Soil Cultivation

Soil cultivation is particularly important in terms of increasing productivity in non-irrigated gardens and improving fruit quality, especially in dried figs. Soil cultivation  should be done at least twice a year, in early spring and autumn in unfiltered gardens.

Persistent (or common) figs have all female flowers that do not need pollination for fruiting; the fruit can develop through parthenocarpic means. This is a popular horticulture fig for home gardeners. Dottato (Kadota), Black Mission, Brown Turkey, Brunswick, and Celeste are some representative cultivars.

Caducous (or Smyrna) figs require cross pollination by the fig wasp with pollen from caprifigs for the fruit to mature. If not pollinated the immature fruits drop. Some cultivars are Marabout, Inchàrio, and Zidi.

Intermediate (or San Pedro) figs set an unpollinated breba crop, but need pollination for the later main crop. Examples are Lampeira, King, and San Pedro.

Harvest

The fruits may be picked from the tree or gathered normally or by mechanical sweepers after they fall to the ground. 'Brunswick' is so tender it must be picked when slightly unripe in order to be firm enough for processing. Workers must wear gloves and protective clothing because of the latex. Harvested fruits are spread out in the shade for a day so that the latex will dry a little. Then they are transported to processing plants in wooden boxes holding 22 to 33 lbs (10-15 kg).

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